Septoplasty in Iran | Do you need Septoplasty surgery?
Septoplasty is a surgical procedure to smooth the bones and cartilage that divide the space between the two nostrils. When the blade is tilted, it is known as a deflection blade. Deviation of the nasal septum makes breathing through the nose more difficult and increases the risk of sinus infections due to poor drainage. Septoplasty is a type of rhinoplasty in Iran that is performed to correct a deviated nose. To better understand this process, we need to take a more complete look at the structure of the nose. Stay with us in this article to know more about this surgery.
Detection of septal deviation
The septum is the middle cartilage of the nose that divides the nose into two parts, and the two cavities or two nostrils formed by this division must be symmetrical, one shape and one size. Therefore, if for any reason the two nostrils are not the same size or the same shape and symmetry, it means that the cartilage of the nasal septum is deviated, which often appears in the appearance of the nose. Another way to detect septal deviation is to make one of the nostrils smaller than the other, which can be seen both in appearance and in the act of breathing.
What problems does septal deviation cause?
The asymmetrical appearance, the difficulty of the breathing process, and the difference in the size of the two nostrils are the result of septal cartilage deviation. Other problems that cause a person to have cartilage septal deformity include shortness of breath, a person's tendency to touch the nose, a person's tendency to fin for no reason, and nosebleeds. Thus, a person who has septal cartilage deviation in the nasal area, in addition to the appearance of the nose, also does not have proper and complete respiratory health, and since comfortable and easy breathing is one of the most important involuntary processes in the body, so the person with this complication, premature fatigue, impatience, recurrent nervousness, and in cases of acute septal deviation may lead to stroke and heart attack. Now, with these interpretations, we can understand the importance of septoplasty surgery, which is not only cosmetic facial surgery but also a therapeutic surgery.
Why do some people have septal deviation problems?
A person with septal cartilage deviation may need septoplasty surgery, either due to a congenital complication or due to trauma in childhood, or due to an accident; Therefore, the surgeon does not face the same type of operation and may perform this surgery in emergency cases, anesthesia or anesthesia.
Depending on the condition, the patient's condition, as well as the condition and the degree of deviation, the septoplasty surgeon can diagnose whether the operation is performed under anesthesia or anesthesia, and this is at the discretion of the surgeon.
In most of the cases encountered by septoplasty surgeons, a person with septal cartilage deviation sees a doctor on his or her own due to apparent symptoms or so-called visible nasal deviation and begins the treatment and surgery process, but in some cases this deviation is possible. It is not clear that the care and skill of the surgeon are needed to diagnose this complication. However, septal cartilage deviation often manifests itself in the appearance of the nose.
The process of septoplasty
Once the septal cartilage deviation is identified and diagnosed, the surgeon first tries to prepare the patient for the surgery, so the doctor may direct the person with the deviated nose to avoid taking several blood-thinning medications.
These drugs, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, should not be taken for two weeks before septoplasty. In emergencies where a person may need immediate septoplasty, such as an accident, local bleeding should be completely under the control of the medical team.
Now, after a routine of tests that may be needed for any other surgery, the surgeon will diagnose anesthesia or anesthesia, as mentioned earlier, and begin the surgery.
The surgeon usually makes an incision in one side of the nose, from which the incision travels to the septal cartilage in the middle of the nose and begins the process of moving the cartilage.
Which side of the nose a surgeon cuts depends on the condition and diagnosis, but usually, the surgeon tries to consider the side of the nose that has the least risk and the least apparent effect.
After the surgeon has placed the septal cartilage in the proper and precise location of the middle of the nose, it is sometimes necessary to remove or cut obstacles such as extra bone or annoying cartilage so that the surgery does not need to be repeated and the septal cartilage is removed by any bone or do not put pressure on the cartilage anymore.
Sometimes septal cartilage may need to be cut and corrected due to deformity over years of deviation, which the surgeon skillfully performs. The surgeon may also suture the septal cartilage to other parts inside the structure of the nose, and this happens if the septal cartilage has a large inconsistency with the geometry of the nose.
The duration of surgery may last from two hours to four hours, depending on the anesthesia, the type of nose, and the degree of septal cartilage deviation. After the septoplasty procedure, the patient can be discharged and return home very soon after regaining consciousness, but there will be instructions with the patient.
post-operative care after septoplasty surgery
- After surgery, the patient feels swelling of the nose and pain, which are completely normal.
- Lack of physical activity, no fining, and not touching the nose and around the nose are the main instructions after any type of nose surgery, which is also the case with septoplasty.
- High blood pressure is also very harmful for the period after septoplasty surgery, which will sometimes cause bleeding from the operation area, so any exercise and aerobic activity that increases the heart rate is prohibited.
- It is necessary during sleep and rest; the head above Position the body to prevent bleeding in the operation area.
- It may be difficult for a person to breathe for a while, so the patient must have enough patience after the operation to return to normal.
- The result of this operation may be seen completely after one year, so it is necessary to point out that they should not rush for the next surgical procedure at all and have more patience as a result of the operation.
Complications of septoplasty surgery
Finally, it should be noted that complications such as controllable bleeding, some scarring or suturing, nasal deformity, septal perforation, and even a decrease in sense of smell are included in this operation.